Radioprotection Compliance Rules Study in Dakar's Hospitals, Senegal

EL Hadji Oumar Ndoye *

Forensic Medicine Department, FMPO, UCAD, Senegal.

Al Housseynou Diop

FMPO, UCAD, Senegal.

Serigne Moussa Badiane

Department of Biophysics, Nuclear Medicine, UFR2S – UGB, Senegal.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

This work aims to promote greater safety in the use of X-rays in our hospitals. The effects of radiation have continued to arouse keen interest mixed with concern. Due to their ionizing power, these radiations lead to cascades of reactions in the body causing genetic mutations, cancer phenomena and even cell death, among others. We thus distinguish between threshold effects (deterministic) and random effects (stochastic). This work is a quantitative study based on a questionnaire intended for majors in radiology services in Dakar.

 This study was carried out in the Dakar region over a period of two (02) months from July 15, 2022 to September 15, 2022. By analyzing the results, we’ve noted that standard radiography and computed tomography are the two most frequently performed radiological examinations in all the services studied with respectively 60.9 o/o and 30.4 o/o of the radiological examinations carried out daily. It is appeared that radiation protection in radiology departments has limits. It is therefore urgent to overcome them and to encourage the development of radiation protection in parallel with the evolution of the technical platform. Compliance with the rules and regulations constitutes a requirement for the protection of people exposed to ionizing radiation. The national radiation protection authority should take steps to harmonize the control protocols for radiology department equipment for optimal monitoring of radiation protection measures. It would be important to install a maintenance unit in each health structure with a radiology department which would be under the responsibility of the national authority responsible for radiation protection.

Sanctions are provided for in the event of breaches of laws and regulations by the Senegalese authorities.

Keywords: X-rays, ionizing power, radiology, radiation protection


How to Cite

Ndoye, EL Hadji Oumar, Al Housseynou Diop, and Serigne Moussa Badiane. 2024. “Radioprotection Compliance Rules Study in Dakar’s Hospitals, Senegal”. Journal of Advances in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences 26 (6):17-22. https://doi.org/10.9734/jamps/2024/v26i6691.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Samueli JJ. The discovery of X-rays by Röntgen. Bibnum/714. Founding texts of science. 2009;1-13.

DECREE No. 2010-893 of June 30, 2010 relating to the organization and operation of the Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Authority.

Lindell B, Lowry Dobson R. Ionizing radiation and health, Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 1987;65(2):139-148.

Ndong B, Diouf EHF, Ka O, Diop O, Bathily EHAL, Djigo MS, Mbodj M. Current state of radiation protection in level III hospitals in Senegal. Nuclear Medicine. 2020;44(2): 131.

Badiane SM, Sane PI, Ndiaye CN., Gueye K, Ndoye O, Kuassi MAG, Mbodji M. Evaluation of the knowledge of ct scan prescribers on patients’ radioprotection in Senegal. Open Journal of Biophysics, 2019;9(03):204.

Tapsoba TL, Ouattara TF, Belemlilga HGL, Sanon H, Bamouni YA, Ouédraogo V, Cissé R. Application of the rules of protection against X-rays in the radiology services of ouaguadouguou. 201034(01):9-12

Abdillahi-bilal R, Dossou J, Biaou O, Sentos N. Problem of individual passive dosimetry in the radiology department: case of CHNU-HKM of Cotonou. 2011;77.

Khaled A, Ghomari O, Kandouci AB. Radiation protection in healthcare establishments using X-rays: Evaluation and findings in the town of Sidi Bel-Abbès. Sidi Bel-Abbès, Algeria. 2010;15-48.

Kouassi YM, Wognin SB, Tchicaya AF, Alla D, Bonny JS. Study of compliance with radiation protection rules in a hospital environment in Abidjan. Archives of Occupational Diseases and the Environment. 2005: 66:369-374.

Jaouad S. Study of compliance with the rules of radiation protection in conventional radiology in SEGMA hospitals in the Marrakech Tensift al Haouz Region. 2013;1-35.

Ongolo-Zogo P, Mokubangele C. Mpeke-Moifo B. Evaluation of patient dose in pediatric CT in two University Hospitals in Yaoundé Cameroon. Radiation Protection. 2012P; 47(4):533-542.

Mbaye G, Ndong B, Kane AFI. Status report on radiation protection in Dakar: Preliminary study in 15 health structures. Doctoral thesis. Cheikh Anta DIOP University. 2013;91

Sène AB. Perception of health workers in radiology departments on radiation protection measures and rules in radiology: Case of the Kaolack health district. Doctor of Medicine thesis. Cheikh Anta DIOP University of Dakar. 2022;52.

Extract from the International Basic Standards for Protection against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources (established under the auspices of FAO, IAEA, ILO, NEA/OECD, PAHO and WHO); 1996.