Pontederia crassipes Biosynthesised Silver Nanoparticles (AgNPs), Characterisation and Activity against Multidrug-Resistant Microbes

T. C Semu

School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

J Williams

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA90095, USA.

J. Cheng

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA90095, USA.

I Mutingwende

School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

J Chifamba *

School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA90095, USA.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Introduction: Pontederia crassipes (water hyacinth) has been singled out as one of the major causes of enormous economic and ecological losses to tropical water systems and habitats. Almost impossible to eradicate, the ominous species is characterized by rapid multiplication, giving rapid and extensive spread that can choke entire rivers and water bodies. However, vast, diverse bioactive secondary metabolites are found in P crassipes which exhibit an expansive assortment of antibacterial properties used in traditional medicine. The rapid emergence of Multi Drug Resistant (MDR) pathogens to common drugs is a pandemic of global proportions. Global health institutions are calling for a coordinated, global action plan to develop new biomaterials to combat the rising threat by MDR strains and improve treatment outcomes and save lives. This study proposes consumption of the water hyacinth lily species through a novel, material biosynthesis approach not only to manage the aquatic infestation but to develop advanced multifunctional, anti-microbial Silver nanoparticles through bio-reduction and capping of Silver salts targeted at MDR microbes.

Methodology: After screening for active phytoconstituents of P.crassipes. The Biosynthesis of Novel AgNPs mediated by phenolic, antibacterial lyophilized hydro-ethanolic extracts from P crassipes as both bioreduction and capping agents was investigated. The resultant AgNPs characteristics, toxicological profiles and the antibacterial effects on 10 common microbes including MDR bacterial strains were evaluated.

Observations and Results: TEM revealed that cubic and spherical nanometric AgNPs structures were successfully synthesized with particle size range from 10-60nm. With an average zone of inhibition of 29mm and an MIC of 6.25 µg/ml .The nanoparticles were efficacious against selected MDR strains and common infectious bacterial strains tested. In-vivo acute oral toxicity evaluations confirmed the safety of P crassipes.

Conclusion: Biogenic P.crassipes mediated AgNPs are feasible, safe and efficacious and have immense potential for optimization into efficient broad spectrum MDR antibacterial agents.

Keywords: Pontederia crassipes, water hyacinth, antibacterial resistance, biosynthesis, silver nanoparticles, polyphenols


How to Cite

Semu, T. C, J Williams, J. Cheng, I Mutingwende, and J Chifamba. 2024. “Pontederia Crassipes Biosynthesised Silver Nanoparticles (AgNPs), Characterisation and Activity Against Multidrug-Resistant Microbes”. Journal of Advances in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences 26 (6):1-16. https://doi.org/10.9734/jamps/2024/v26i6690.

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